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Remarkable Results Achieved in Geological Survey in the "12th Five-Year Plan" Period

Updated:Apr 25,2016
 

I. Important breakthroughs were made in the survey and evaluation of energy and major mineral resources. Important progress was made in the survey of oil & gas and shale gas in new areas and new series of strata, 30 prospective areas were outlined, and 440000 square kilometers of new exploration areas were expanded. Oil & gas were discovered in the Paleozoic Era of Yin'e Basin and the Jurassic System of the periphery of Songliao Basin, and important findings were made in the survey of shale gas in the northeast rim of Sichuan Basin. Over 30,000 geochemical and geophysical exploration abnormities were found during the survey process of major minerals, over 1,700 prospecting targets were outlined and about 200 ore fields were newly discovered. The evaluation on the potential of 25 minerals, the evaluation on the utilization of 28 minerals, the survey of "Three Rates"(extract recovery rate, concentration recovery rate and comprehensive utilization rate) and exploration & mining rights of 22 minerals were completed. Breakthroughs were made in the deep and outside exploration of old mines, and 14 mines might become large and extra-large mineral deposits. Driven by non-profit geological work, breakthroughs were made in the exploration of copper-gold in Duolong, Tibet, manganese in Tongren, Guizhou, gold in Jiaodong, Shandong, lead-zinc in Xiangxi, Hunan, lithium in Jiajika, Sichuan, and potash in Qaidam Basin. Major minerals witnessed noticeable growth in reserve, including copper (23 million tons), lead-zinc (63 million tons), gold (54 million tons), tungsten (2.5 million tons), nickel (2.3 million tons), manganese (610 million tons) and bauxite (520 million tons). These findings provide strong support for the realization of goals listed in the National Exploration and Development Planning


 II. The scope of geological survey was drastically widened. During the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, the regional geological survey (1.07 million kilometers), mineral geological survey (910,000 kilometers) and aeromagnetic survey (1.2 million kilometers) at the scale of 1:50,000 were completed, accounting for 34%, 31% and 50% respectively in terms of working level. The hydro-geological survey (370,000 kilometers), geological disaster survey (550,000 kilometers) and environmental geological survey (170,000 kilometers) at the scale of 1:50,000 were completed. The land quality and geochemical survey (1.95 million kilometers) at the scale of 1:250,000 were completed. The regional geological survey at the scale of 1:1,000,000 has covered the entire marine area under the jurisdiction of China.


 III. New progress was made in ecological advancement. Over 6,000 wells were explored and exploited, benefiting over 10 million people in water-shortage areas. The second round of mine geological environmental survey was completed, and a mine geological environmental information system covering over 120,000 mines was established. Network for monitoring geological carbon sink in typical areas in China, network for monitoring surface subsidence in the North China Plain and the Yangtze River Delta, and information system covering over 290,000 geo-hazards was established.


 IV. Capacity for geological scientific and technological innovation was drastically improved. Innovation in geological theory for Qinghai-Tibet plateau and major breakthroughs in locating mines won a National Science Progress Award (Special Class) in 2011. Research achievements on deep crust structure exploration are of international standards and great significance. A batch of key technologies and equipment (with proprietary intellectual property rights) such as airborne geophysical exploration system, myriameter scientific drilling rig, marine geological survey, were successfully developed. UNESCO Global Scale Geochemistry  International Research Center  was founded. CGS has established cooperation with over 50 countries and international geosciences organizations in the world, signed over 80 agreements. The global mineral resources database covers about 100 countries. 


 V. New progress was made in IT application in geological survey and data service. Major breakthroughs were made in key technologies for IT application in main processes of geological survey, and were applied extensively in geological survey work. Geological data stored in National Geological Archives were all digitalized. National digital geological archives were basically established, collecting 160T worth of geological data and benefiting a growing number of people. .


 VI. The team building of geological survey workers was strengthened. The size of central and local non-profit team was somewhat expanded, the structure of such team was optimized, the level of equipment was noticeably improved, and the capacity for supporting and serving state and local economic and social development was steadily improved.

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